The focus of this paper is on communication apprehension as a construct and on how it affects the behaviour and lifestyle of an individual. Overwhelmingly the underlying theme of the articles has been the negative effects that these constructs can have on academic and social success.
This construct was an attempt to look beyond the concepts of CA and reticence as it was perceived at the time and along with fear and anxiety, Term paper interpersonal divide low self esteem, introversion, anomia and alienation.
Additionally, as communication does not confine itself to just talk, a person may, for example, be apprehensive about communicating by engaging in talk but feel quite comfortable about writing. For example a person may experience high levels of CA when speaking in groups but be not in dyadic interactions or when speaking to others who are from a different cultural group.
When we consider the aetiology of human behaviour generally two primary explanations are hereditary and the environment.
So while the construct of reticence was initially the same as CA, reticence is now perceived as a concept that represents a broad range of communicative incompetence while CA relates to communicative incompetence that stems from anxiety or fear. Yet for some individuals communication experiences are so unrewarding that they either consciously or unconsciously avoid situations where communication is required.
Although constructs such as CA, communication reticence, and unwillingness-to-communicate have often been treated in literature as interchangeable, McCroskey, particularly in earlier work, some researchers have found the need to distinguish between them.
More simply, reticence is concerned with people who do not communicate effectively; unwillingness-to-communicate is concerned with one of the reasons that people may not do so i. Receiver based CA depends on the person or type of person or group that is involved in the communication.
Context based refers to a relatively enduring, personality type CA that an individual experiences in a specific context. According to McCroskey the contemporary view is that reticent people are those who do not communicate competently. Reticence was originally thought of in relation to CA, particularly in connection with stage fright, and anxiety was identified as the causative agent that produced the characteristic behavior patterns.
It has been forwarded that two out of ten people suffer some form of communication apprehension CA. In the last two decades communication apprehension and related constructs, such as reticence and unwillingness to communicate, have received extensive research and theoretical attention by scholars in communication and psychology.
Situational CA depends upon changes in the environment in which communication takes place.Digital Divide between those who have the skills, knowledge and abilities to use the technologies and those who do not.
The digital divide can exist between those living in rural areas and those living in urban areas, between the educated and uneducated, between economic classes, and on a global scale between more and less industrially. The term masspersonal is proposed to encompasses instances when (a) individuals use traditionally mass communication channels for interpersonal communication (b) individuals use traditionally interpersonal communication "Masspersonal Communication: Rethinking the Mass-Interpersonal Divide" Paper presented at the annual meeting of.
Four Principles of Interpersonal Communication Essay. Length: words ( double-spaced pages) Rating: Powerful Essays.
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I have chosen to focus this paper on several aspects of Norman's interpersonal communication.
On Golden Pond is a fascinating study in the discovery of Norman's need to communicate with those he cares about in new ways. StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Essays; object of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of interpersonal communication.
The paper will discuss how human service professionals can help by learning the standards of clients of a different culture. Interpersonal communication is complicated No form of.Download